Pediatric ophthalmologist's emphasis on the development of the visual system and the various diseases that disrupt visual development in children. Many ophthalmologists and other physicians refer pediatric patients to a pediatric ophthalmologist for examination and management of ocular problems due to children's unique needs. Pediatric ophthalmologists also have proficiency in managing the various ocular diseases that affect children. Pediatric ophthalmologists are competent to perform complex eye surgery as well as to manage children's eye problems using glasses and medications. In addition to children with obvious vision problems, children with head turns, squinting of the eyes, head tilts or preferred head postures (torticollis) are typically referred to a pediatric ophthalmologist for evaluation. Pediatric ophthalmologists typically also manage adults with eye movement disorders (such as nystagmus or strabismus) due to their familiarity with strabismus conditions.